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Taiwan Joint Irrigation Association

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Irrigation Association's general introduction

Brief History

Irrigation Associations were set up under the Irrigation Association Organization General Principles, with an objective to promote farmland irrigation constructions, in the capacity as public juridical person.

See the following chart for a brief look at the evolution of the irrigation associations:

The Ming and Ching Dynasties

Trading activities among privately constructed reservoirs, canals, irrigation facilities and management were permitted.


Japanese Colonial Period (before 1944)
  • Public reservoirs and canals were constructed in 1901
  • Government reservoirs and canals were built in 1908
  • A reorganization into cooperative bodies of water conservancy took place in 1922

After Taiwan Retrocession (after 1945)
  • Irrigation communities were reorganized to become irrigation coordination councils in 1945
  • And became Irrigation Committees in 1948
  • And they was re-organized to become Irrigation Associations in 1956

Freedom to privately owned farmlands and private managements was granted during the Ming and Ching Dynasties, until public farmlands were instituted in 1901, government farmlands were instituted in 1908, irrigation communities were instituted in 1922, irrigation commission in 1948, and at last, Irrigation Association in 1956.

Organizations

17 Irrigation Associations are set up around Taiwan in Yilan, Peichi, Taoyuan, Shimen, Hsinchu, Miaoli, Taichung, Nantou, Changhua, Yunlin, Chia-nan, Kaohsiung, Pingtung, Taitung, Hualien, Chi-hsing, and Liu-kung. Commissioners organize a council to discuss the agenda and tasks, while chief commissioner and professional personnel are put in place to be in charge of business operations. Chief commissioner and council members are elected directly. Workstations are set up under these associations; irrigation cell groups are the grass-root organizations, with cell group leaders and members elected directly among all members.

Missions

According to Article 10 in the Irrigation Association Organization General Principles, Irrigation Associations are responsible for 6 statutory assignments, they are: 1). the initiation, improvement, maintenance and management of any irrigation projects; 2). disaster preventions and emergency rescues, 3). The raising of funds and establishments of funds, 4), researches and developments on irrigation effectiveness, 5). working with the government to promote land, farming, industrial policies and rural village constructions, and 6). and assignments consigned by different government agencies.